An increase in production and an increase in the supply of pork and poultry meat on the market contribute to a decrease in the wholesale and retail sector, according to the NMA.
The growth in the production of pork and poultry meat in the Russian Federation led to a decrease in prices for them in 2022 and an increase in consumption, Margarita Brazhevskaya, deputy head of the National Meat Association (NMA), told Interfax. She noted that the NMA does not agree with the conclusions about the outpacing growth in meat prices compared to fish prices, made the day before by the Association of Shipowners of the Fishing Fleet.
"The increase in production and the growth in the supply of pork and poultry meat on the market contribute not only to maintaining stable prices for meat, but also to reducing them in the wholesale and retail sector. Such price dynamics is accompanied by an increase in consumption," Brazhevskaya said.
Referring to the report of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation "On the current price situation" dated December 28, 2022, she said that over the past year, consumer prices for chicken meat decreased by 2.71%, for pork - by 0.85%. "At the same time, according to analytical agencies and producers, wholesale prices for pork in 2022 showed an even deeper drop. Thus, prices for pork sides and main cuts in wholesale in 2022 were on average 5-7% lower than in 2021," the deputy head of the NMA said.
Consumer prices for beef, according to the report of the Ministry of Economic Development, increased by 16.03%, for lamb - by 11.47%.
At the same time, wholesale producer prices for beef, according to experts, decreased in the second half of the year. As a result, the average wholesale price for beef at the end of 2022 was only 3% higher than the average price for it at the beginning of 2022.
In addition, consumer prices for eggs for 2022 decreased by 6.51%.
Brazhevskaya recalled that in 2022, meat consumption in the Russian Federation, according to preliminary estimates, amounted to 78-79 kg per person per year.
According to Rosstat, in 2022, farms of all categories of the Russian Federation (agricultural organizations, farmers, personal subsidiary farms) produced 16.2 million tons of livestock and poultry (in live weight for slaughter), which is 2.9% more than in 2021 (15. 7 million tons). Including in agricultural organizations, production amounted to 12.9 million tons, which is 4.9% more than a year earlier (12.3 million tons).
According to the NMA, in 2023 pork production may increase by 5-7%, poultry meat - by 2%, including turkey meat - by 10%.