Exports of agricultural products in 2025 should increase to $35.4 billion, according to the national report on the results of the implementation of the state program for the development of agriculture and regulation of agricultural products, raw materials and food markets in 2020. As reported in the press release of the Cabinet of Ministers, the document was approved at a government meeting on June 17. Annual reports on the implementation of the state program are prepared in accordance with the law "On the Development of Agriculture" and must be published by July 15.
In 2020, exports of agricultural products amounted to $30.5 billion and exceeded imports for the first time. In 2020, the planned indicators for grain exports were met - $10.27 billion (29.2% more than planned), oil and fat products - $4.95 billion (13.2% more), food and processing products - $4.5 billion (9.8% more). At the same time, the indicators for the export of meat and dairy products - $1.21 billion (10% less), fish and seafood - $5.33 billion (2.8% less) were not met.
The maximum share in the structure of exports of agricultural products accounted for cereals - 33.5%. The share of fish and seafood was 17.4%, oil and fat products and products of the food and processing industry - 16.2% and 14.7%, respectively.
Imports of agricultural products and food products in 2020 decreased by 0.5% and amounted to $29.8 billion.
The state program was approved by the government decree of July 14, 2012. Its project part includes the federal projects "Export of agricultural products" and "Creation of a support system for farmers and the development of rural cooperation", departmental projects "Development of agricultural industries that provide accelerated import substitution of main types of agricultural products, raw materials and food", "Stimulating investment activities in the agro-industrial complex", "Technical modernization of the agro-industrial complex", and the departmental project "Digital Agriculture".
According to the document, the index of agricultural production in farms of all categories (in comparable prices) in 2025 will be 114.6% compared to 2017, the value added created in agriculture in 2025 will reach 4 trillion 650.1 billion rubles, investments in fixed assets of agriculture (excluding small businesses) will grow by 18.2% during this period.
In 2020, the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation provided 283 billion 591.7 million rubles for the implementation of the state program of agriculture. In accordance with the updated budget list, 271 billion 862.2 million rubles were allocated. The actual financing amounted to 271 billion 289.6 million rubles (99.8% of the budget list).
In addition, in 2020, 16 billion 562.1 million rubles were allocated from the government's reserve fund, including 10 billion rubles - to the authorized capital of Rosselkhozbank, 6 billion rubles - to the authorized capital of Rosagroleasing.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture, in 2020, the level of self-sufficiency for grain was 167.6%, which is 1.8 times higher than the threshold value of the food security doctrine (at least 95%), for sugar - 99.9% (9.9 pip above the threshold value), for vegetable oil - 195.9% (2.2 times higher), for meat and meat products - 99.4% (14.4 pip higher), for fish and fish products - 149.7% (1.8 times higher), for potatoes - 86.1% (8.9 pip lower), for milk and dairy products - 84.1% (5.9 pip lower), for salt - 65.9% (19.1 pip lower), for vegetables and melons - 87.1% (2.9 pip lower), for fruits and berries - 41.2% (1.5 times lower).
Production of crop products in farms of all categories increased by 1% compared to the previous year, and by 6.1% compared to the level of 2017. As part of the implementation of the event to support agricultural insurance in the field of crop production in 2020, 2,390 insurance contracts were subsidized. The sown (planting) area under subsidized insurance contracts was 5,063. 1 thousand hectares, or 6.5% of the total sown (planting) area. The insurance amount (liability of insurers) and the accrued insurance premium under such contracts amounted to 141.6 billion and 3.7 billion rubles, respectively.
Production of livestock products in 2020 increased by 2% compared to the previous year, and by 5.1% compared to the level of 2017. In particular, the production of livestock and poultry for slaughter (in live weight) in farms of all categories amounted to 15.6 million tons, which is 3.1% more than in 2019, including the production of pigs for slaughter increased by 8.9%, poultry - by 0.3%, cattle - by 0.3%.
Milk production in farms of all categories increased by 2.7%, to 32 million 215.4 thousand tons. In particular, agricultural organizations increased this indicator by 5.3%.
Egg production in farms of all categories amounted to 44.8 billion eggs, which is almost at the level of 2019.
Production of food and processing products in 2020 compared to 2019 increased by 3.6%, beverages - by 1.1%. In particular, meat industry increased the production of meat and offal by 3.6%, to 8,541.3 thousand tons, sausage products - by 3.5%, to 2,361.1 thousand tons, canned meat (meat-containing) - by 10.1%, to 736.3 million standard cans (110.1% compared to 2019).
Milk production amounted to 5,513.9 thousand tons (1.6% more), cheese and milk-containing products with a milk fat substitute produced using cheese technology - 758.3 thousand tons (5.2% more) and butter - 282 thousand tons (4.7% more).
Production of vegetable oils increased by 8%, to 7,318.8 thousand tons, sugar - decreased by 20.2%, to 5,794.4 thousand tons.